WHAT IS NEEDED AND CANNOT BE EATEN FOR KNEE ARTHROSIS

Proper nutrition for knee joint arthrosis is the basis of effective treatment. Everyone interested in improving health should understand what type of diet is needed for knee joint arthrosis. Basic principles, allowed and forbidden foods, sample menus - major problems that require additional consideration.

Dietary requirements for arthrosis

dietary rules for knee arthrosis

The main goal of a diet for knee joint disease is to lose weight, get the right amount of nutrients that have a positive effect on cartilage tissue and disease symptoms. Proper nutrition must be observed until the end of life.

General principles of diet arthrosis:

  1. The need for fractional nutrition. It is recommended to eat in small portions up to five times a day. Fractional nutrition prevents overeating, and therefore ensures better weight prevention.
  2. Maximum number of calories per day is 3500 kcal. Such caloric content is justified by an active lifestyle and a serious workforce.
  3. Dinner is needed a few hours before bed.
  4. It is best to constantly monitor your weight.
  5. Diet includes healthy foods that contain components necessary for the knee joint. Potentially unhealthy foods are not included in the menu.
  6. Dishes require proper heat treatment. The benefits of food depend on this.
  7. Eliminate very hot and cold foods. It is best to eat warm food.
  8. Required to be careful and chew slowly. Adherence to these rules will prevent overeating.
  9. It is best to drink from one and a half liters a day. The emphasis is on clean water.

Diet is developed under medical supervision in the same way that doctors take into account the patient's health condition when giving recommendations. Experts recommend including products in the menu that help get the amount of nutrients needed. Body support aims to prevent arthrosis and eliminate symptoms associated with the inflammatory process.

Essential Nutrients

Arthrosis of the knee requires minerals and vitamins, so this aspect is important when planning a meal.

manifestations of arthrosis of the knee joint (1)

Vitamin C is considered one of the most important. Vitamin C forms connective tissue, restoring the cartilage of the knee joint. Antioxidant properties protect the knee cartilage tissue from free radicals. Doctors say that women need less vitamin C each day, and more for men. Vitamin C also helps boost the immune system, thanks to the body fighting inflammation of the knee joint by itself.

Boron encourages bone renewal. Boron and magnesium contribute to the complete absorption of calcium, which is necessary for the knee joint. As a result, boron and magnesium, as well as calcium, are needed in dietary preparation. Three components that work together are needed not only for treatment, but also for prevention.

Pantothenic acid improves the health of knee joint cells. Useful components are found in the liver of beef and pork, beans, mushrooms, green beans. The amount of substance is determined by the severity of the symptoms.

Include omega-3 fatty acids in foods. The substance relieves pain syndrome, inflammation. For a significant therapeutic effect, a constant supply of fatty acids is required.

Prohibited Products

Many people are interested in what you should not eat with arthrosis of the knee joint. Some food products contain potentially harmful substances. If food increases the risk of weight gain, it is also recommended to ignore it.

The following foods are not included in the diet:

  1. Fatty meat products. Such products lead to weight gain, interfere with the condition of the knee joint, adversely affect motor activity and exacerbate symptoms.
  2. Vegetables: white cabbage, peppers, tomatoes. These vegetables contain harmful components for the cartilage tissue of the knee joint. For example, the use of tomatoes for knee arthrosis is minimized, although there are nutritional components in fresh vegetables.
  3. Fruits and berries that contain acid. Such fruits cause the accumulation of harmful mineral salts for the joints.
  4. Flour, candy products. Such foods contain moderate carbohydrates that threaten to add extra weight.
  5. Coffee. Excessive consumption of drinks causes a decrease in calcium salts in the body. This results in joint problems. Calcium deposits help maintain a healthy knee joint.
  6. Alcohol. There is a violation of metabolic processes. Nutrients are no longer absorbed.
  7. Semi-finished products, street fast food products.
  8. Mayonnaise.
  9. Fatty oils.
  10. Salt. Doctors recommend observing the amount of salt. Excessive salt intake threatens salt storage, deterioration of the knee joint.

Doctors also prohibit smoking because nicotine leads to vasoconstriction, resulting in disrupted metabolic processes. Smoking reduces the effectiveness of any treatment.

Fasting is prohibited during healing. The body needs nutrients. The use of diuretics and laxatives is prohibited. Such drugs disrupt metabolic processes, contributing to the loss of nutrients needed for the knee joint.

Useful products

diet for knee arthrosis

Diet includes foods that are useful for arthrosis of the knee joint. Healthy eating provides the nutrients needed to improve knee health.

  1. Low-fat poultry, meat, fish. Meat and fish dishes must be natural. Soups based on meat soups are eaten periodically, but regular options are given to the first serving of vegetables.
  2. Fermented dairy products. The protein supplied increases the cartilage tissue of the knee joint. The maximum fat content of dairy products must be 3. 2 percent. This menu includes fermented dairy products with high calcium content.
  3. Eggs. It is allowed to eat up to three eggs per day. A large number of eggs interfere with metabolic processes, so there is a risk of negative effects on the knee joint.
  4. Natural meat jelly. This dish contains collagen and chondroitin, which are needed to improve the condition of the knee cartilage.
  5. Peanuts. Vitamin E intake improves metabolic processes, stimulates the flow of beneficial components to the knee joint.
  6. Bijirin. The most useful are millet, rice, buckwheat, hard pasta. Cereals cooked for normal use provide complex nutrients and carbohydrates to support the body.
  7. Fresh vegetables and fruits. These foods contain nutrients that support the body in fighting knee inflammation.
  8. Mineral water, herbal tea and green tea are still available. The diet also includes freshly prepared fruit and vegetable juices, which were previously diluted with water. Healthy drinks help get vitamins and maintain water balance in the body.

The knee arthrosis menu includes healthy eating to ensure optimal nutrient intake.

Sample menu for a day with arthrosis

Diet is varied and nutritious if the menu is right.

Drink a glass of clean water before breakfast. The fluid improves metabolic processes and cleanses the intestines.

Breakfast

Drink fruit or vegetable juice first. After 20 minutes, it is recommended to eat porridge with a piece of butter. If desired, for breakfast they plan a cheesecake with natural honey, cereal cakes, sandwiches with hard cheese, boiled eggs, vegetable salads. After breakfast, drink green tea or herbs.

Lunch

Fresh or dried fruit is eaten for lunch. Nutrient intake is mandatory in diets aimed at improving arthrosis health.

Lunch

Plan vegetable or meat soups for lunch. For the latter, pieces of meat, grilled meats, grilled fish and stew are ideal. It is recommended to keep the presence of vegetable stews, mashed potatoes or baked potatoes, cereals. Rye bread will contribute to the intake of additional nutrients aimed at improving metabolic processes.

Afternoon snacks

For an afternoon snack, they eat fresh sweet fruit, drink a cup of dried fruit compote with dried biscuits.

Dinner

Nutritionists recommend snacks to prevent weight gain. Recommended dishes are vegetable salad, cottage cheese casserole with soothing herbal tea.

When planning a proper diet for knee joint arthrosis, the emphasis is on optimal calorie intake, useful component intake.

10.09.2020